Timeline

TIMELINE: DOLMENS, MENHIRS, AND CARVED STONES IN EL PORT DE LA SELVA

PALAEOLITHIC

2,5 MILLION YEARS – 12.000 YEARS BC

MESOLITHIC

12.000 YEARS BC – 5.500 YEARS BC

NEOLITHIC

                OLD NEOLITHIC

                5.500 – 4.000 YEARS BC

  • Starts the domestication of plants and animals.
  • First ceramic objects with imprinted decoration (cardium)
  • At the end of this age appear the first megalithic tombs

               

                MIDDLE NEOLITHIC

  • Consolidation of agriculture and animal domestication.
  • Manufacture of quite complex tools.
  • Appear networks to exchange products and raw material.
  • Appear first dolmens in l’Empordà

 

REMAINS THAT POINT TO HUMAN PRESENCE:

L· Riera Pujolar I Dolmen

  • Riera Pujolar II Dolmen
  • Roca Miralles Dolmen
  • De la Pallera Dolmen
  • De la Pallera Paradolmen or de Roca Galera
  • Mores Altes I
  • Mores Altes II
  • Del Mas de la Mata Dolmen
  • De la Cendrera Dolmen
  • De Taballera Dolmen
  • De Mas Godo Dolmen
  • Insculptures

LATE NEOLITHIC – CHALCOLITHIC

3.000 – 2.200 YEARS BC

  • The end of the Neolithic age is associated to a following age.
  • More complex societies
  • More settlements.
  • Begins the intensification of agriculture and livestock breeding.
  • The first metal objects (gold and copper) appear.
  • Use in all Europe of the bell-shaped glass.
  • Funeral rites with a lot of different burial types (cave, hypogeum, grave…)
  • Expansion of megalithic tombs

REMAINS THAT POINT TO HUMAN PRESENCE:

  • De la Pallera Paradolmen
  • Insculptures

 

BRONZE AGE

2.200 -700 YEARS BC

  • Early Bronze Age: 2.200-1.300 BC
  • Bronze appears
  • Bigger villages
  • Increase of agricultural and livestock production, there are a lot of silos in this age.
  • Abandonment of megalithic tombs
  • Late Bronze Age: 1.300-700 BC Inhumation is abandoned and cremation is generalised (urnfields)

 

PROTOHISTORY

VIII - VI CENTURY BC

HISTORY

VI CENTURY BC TO NOWADAYS