La Vall de Santa Creu

The small town of la Vall de Santa Creu is found at the north-west of the municipal district, taking up the land at the bottom of the valley. It was an independent town until 1787. It consist of forty houses, the majority of them restored, organised in small narrow steep streets, except the main street that leads to the fountain, a very pleasant place with trees.

There crosses a creek with the same name, in old times used to make the mills work, like the mill of Pairet or Canavall. Behind the town, many trails depart; one goes up to the monastery of Sant Pere de Rodes and the other that also leads there through col Perer, and leads to Llançà too.

 

Location

By car, at 2 Km from El Port de la Selva in direction to Llançà there is a fork at the left where the road towards La Vall, 1,5km long, starts. The car must be left at the entrance parking lot.

On foot, the best option is to follow the coastal trail until the beach of el Port de la Vall, at the western side, there is a path that goes along the edge of the camping site, which leads to the intersection of la Vall de Santa Creu. If we go back some meters in direction to El Port de la Selva there is an entrance to the Vineyard path that in thirty minutes reaches la Vall.

 

History

La Vall de Santa Creu is the closest populated town to the Monastery Sant Pere de Rodes. It is surrounded by mountains, between la Vall Hill, Vaquer Hill and Dijous Hill. It is crossed by a creek, la Vall Creek, which ends at the beach of El Port de la Vall. Administratively, the town is under the city council of El Port de la Selva.

The change in the economic activity of the area, that changed from a traditional economy based in agriculture (the terraced land with olive tree and vine grape terraces can be seen) to the current fishing economy, resulted in a huge decrease of population in the 50s and 60s.

There are no serious historic studies about la Vall de Santa Creu. Its church appears on documents of XI century under the influence of the Monastery of Sant Pere de Rodes. On the most recent documents, such as contractors’ establishment contracts, the dominion of the Monastery over the populated land until deep in the XIX century can be observed.

There is people who says the origin of the town as a direct result of the population who left Santa Creu de Rodes, located on the crest of the mountain.

 

Bibliography

Badia i Homs, Joan; Middle-age architecture in Empordà. Alt Empordà. II – B. Diputació de Girona. 1981. Girona